Oracle8i and Java
Getting Ready to Use Java in Oracle
A Simple Demonstration
Managing Java in the Database
Using DBMS_JAVA and DBMS_JAVA_TEST
Publishing and Using Java in PL/SQL
In this chapter, I explore the exciting new feature of Oracle8i that allows a developer to call Java stored procedures (JSPs) from within PL/SQL. Java is a very powerful language, much more robust in many ways than PL/SQL. Java also offers hundreds of classes that provide clean, easy-to-use application programming interface (APIs) to a wide variety of functionality.
In Oracle8i, Oracle includes a new product called JServer, which consists of the following elements:
Oracle's Java Virtual Machine (JVM), called Aurora, the supporting runtime environment, and Java class libraries
Tight integration with PL/SQL and Oracle RDBMS functionality
The JServer Accelerator (native compiler) (available in the 8.1.6 Enterprise Edition only)
Java in the Oracle database is a big topic; Java programming all by itself is an even bigger topic. Complete treatment of either is outside the scope of this book. My objectives for this chapter are limited to the following:
Providing the information you need to load Java classes into the Oracle database, manage those new database objects, and publish them for use inside PL/SQL
Offering a basic tutorial in building Java classes that should give you enough guidance to let you construct simple classes to access underlying Java functionality
To access Java class methods from within Oracle, you must take the following steps:
Create the Java code elements. You can do this in Oracle's JDeveloper, or in any other Java Integrated Development Environment. (notepad.exe will also, of course, do the trick in a pinch!)
Publish the Java class methods inside PL/SQL by writing wrapper programs in PL/SQL around the Java code.
Grant privileges as required on the PL/SQL wrapper programs and the Java class referenced by the PL/SQL wrapper.
Call the PL/SQL programs from any one of a number of environments, as illustrated in Figure 9.1.
Oracle8i offers a variety of components and commands to work with Java. Table 9.1 summarizes these different elements.
The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) that Oracle implemented in its database server
An operating system command-line utility that loads your Java code elements (classes, .jar files, etc.) into the Oracle database
An operating system command-line utility that drops your Java code elements (classes, .jar files, etc.) from the Oracle database
New DDL statements that perform some of the same tasks as loadjava and dropjava
A built-in package that offers a number of utilities to set options and other aspects of the JVM
A built-in package you can use to more easily test your JSPs
The remainder of this chapter explains the steps outlined earlier and the components in Table 9.1. For more thorough coverage of Java in the Oracle database, please consult the Oracle documentation.
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